Medizinischer Diskurs im Krankenhausalltag - Verfahren der Verwendung von Fachbegriffen

Abstract : Starting out from the observation that languages for special purposes are by no means “special” languages, but rather languages with specific features, based on an existing language system, and developping their semantic potential in communicative contexts, the present article studies within 25 sequences from a corpus of guided interviews with hospital patients how both hospital staff and patients employ medical vocabulary. Six different categories are being distinguished: the absence of specific treatment of medical terms of Latin and Greek, but also German origin by both staff and patients, German paraphrases of foreign terms, but also Latin or Greek paraphrases of German ex-pressions; and also idiomatic expressions with non compositional semantics. Constructions using everyday language in order to designate medical phenomena in particular demonstrate that language for medical purposes is not only based on “normal” language, but also uses it express medical facts.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 1:45:55 PM
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Günter Schmale. Medizinischer Diskurs im Krankenhausalltag - Verfahren der Verwendung von Fachbegriffen. Thomas Tinnefeld. Néologie, Corpus, Méthodes d‘Analyse – Recherches en langues de spécialité Neologismen, Corpora, Methoden – Beiträge zur Fachsprachenforschung, 5, ⟨htw Saarbrücken⟩, pp.155-177, 2018, Saarbrücker Schriften zur Linguistik und Fremdsprachendidaktik, 978-3-942949-14-9. ⟨hal-01863918⟩

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