G. A. Grierson, The Prakrit Vibhasas, Journal of Royal Asiatic Society, vol.50, pp.489-517, 1918.
DOI : 10.1017/s0035869x00051844

. Cf, . Mudr?r?k?asa, . Pischel, and §. Grammar, The dating of the play remains uncertain as it depends on the identification of Vi??khadatta's patron, whose name varies in the manuscripts. It ranges from the fourth to the ninth century AD (Keith, The Sanskrit Drama

. Pischel and . Grammar, XXXIX?XL; Nai?adh?nanda of Har?a Karandikar and S, 1962.

. Karandikar, New and Second Hand Book-Stall, 1953), 'Introduction', XII?XIII

I. Warder, /. K?vya-literaturedelhi, /. Varanasi, and . Patna, It may be noted that if the forester (?avara) playing a part in the miniature play inserted in the sixth act of the Nai?adh?nanda does speak M?gadh?, the Prakrit used by the forester (vanecara) who comes to the court of Hari?candra in the second act of the Ca??akau?ika appears to be ?aurasen?. Besides, the young boy (ba?u) taking away Hari?candra's wife and son in the third act of the Ca??akau?ika, who must be the M?gadh?-speaking scoundrel referred to by Pischel, seems rather to make use of another Prakrit called ?vant?. For the M?gadh?-speaking allegorical characters appearing in K?em??vara's plays, see fn, The Bold Style, pp.3816-3821, 1988.

L. Leclère and . Théâtre, Inde médiévale 139. The language spoken by the spy in this scene will be analyzed in fn. 90. 39 In his replies, the main features of M?gadh? can be traced, with no feature of Pai??c?, except the unvoiced consonant th between vowels in b?g?rath?-dak?i?a-mas???hivai

V. R. Chojnacki, . Thapar, and . Soman?tha, Three Essays Collective From the time of Muhammad Gh?r? onwards, the Muslim rulers had styled themselves ham?ra in their bilingual coinage, whatever title they had assumed otherwise; cf. for instance, Demolishing Myths or Mosques and Temples, pp.65-92, 1999.

, See Lalitavigrahar?ja, pp.208-217

, 124 The identity of the Hamm?ra mentioned by Kalha?a in the contemporary R?jatara?gi?? with Ma?m?d of Ghazna has been proved by scholars by means of numismatic and archaeological evidence ; the Arabic title Am?rulmumin?n, from which the Sankrit Hamm?ra is derived, being applied on coins and elsewhere to the Ghaznavid Sult?n, pp.271-72

E. Bosworth, and also the genealogic table inserted at the beginning of the study. The date of Khusrau Sh?h's accession to the throne remains uncertain. n?mn? purask?ta? rad?-k?d?-n?madheya? m?lacchr?k?rasya guru-dvaya? p?tho-nidhi-pathena pravaha??dhir??ham ?gacchat druta-pre?ita-pracura-pravaha??dhir??hai? prav?rair band?k?tya stambhat?rthe dh?tam abh?t (Hamm?ramadamardana The locution r?jya-sth?pan?maya? pras?dam, translated here into 'the favour of establishing a kingdom', finds an echo in the Pur?tanaprabandhasa?graha, according to which 'the honorific title of master in enthroning kings was conferred upon Teja?p?la, pp.121-239, 1992.

K. Majumdar, Chaulukyas of Gujarat, vol.462, p.114, 1956.

N. Day, Some Aspects of Medieval Indian History, pp.8-9, 1971.

A. Siddiqui and K. , , pp.58-59

J. , The Delhi Sultanate, 38; Wink, Al-Hind, 155; Siddiqui, Authority and Kingship, 58. The account of the Islamic world given two centuries earlier in Buddhist texts from eastern India is more confused: Mecca is mistaken for a land where Baghd?d is located (Newman, 'Islam in the K?lacakra Tantra

, 173 desa-rakkha?a-viyakkha?assa m?lacch?k?ra-na?da?assa (Hamm?ramadamardana 35, pp.7-8

, 174 juval?vo (Hamm?ramadamardana 36

M. Chandra and . India, A century later, the young brother of Sultan All?vad??a, Ul?gh Kh?n, who was entrusted with the task of invading Gujarat, was styled 'crown prince of the amir', hamm?ra-juvar?a, Jinaprabha in the Vividhat?rthakalpa (cf. Chojnacki, Vividhat?rthakalpa, pp.388-89

T. Bosworth and . Later-ghaznavids, The Delhi Sultanate, 21. The words r??, r?na and thakur are renderings of the Indian titles r?ja, r??aka and thakkura, the first one designating king and the two others subordinate chieftains who had to support kings in wars in return for grants of land. A lower rank was that of cavalry commanders, r?uta or n?yaka