Il rilievo della visione. Movimento, profondità, cinema ne Le monde sensible et le monde de l'expression

Abstract : The Depth of Vision: Movement, Depth, and Cinema in The Sensible World and the World of Expression Is it possible to establish a connection between The Sensible World and the World of Expression and the fi nal thought of Merleau-Ponty? In what manner would a germinal formulation of ontological refl ection be present in the 1953 course? And what are the elements of contact and convergence that allow us to tracing out such a link? I intend to put forward this hypothesis from a consideration of the theme of vision in its relation to movement, sketching the points in which this link emerges and shows itself, both in a latent and a manifest way. I would like to show, in the development of this course, on the one hand, how movement is defi ned in its ontological value and comes to express the very relation which links the perceiving body and the perceived world, and, on the other hand, how, as the theme of optical experience happens to bring to light the relation between perception and expression in order to unveil its chiasmatic character. If the research conducted by Merleau-Ponty in the Phenomenology of Perception had delimited the relation of inherence and co-implication between the perceiving and the perceived, the course notes of Sensible World and the World of Expression come to designate a "double movement" between sense and the sensible, or, a "reciprocal" or "bi-directional" movement of expression and encroachment one another, in which we can catch a glimpse of a prefi guration of the chiasmatic and reversible relation which links the seer and the visible in the Merleau-Ponty's ontology of the flesh. There is a web which links the 1953 course with the refl ection of the fi nal Merleau-Ponty, particularly with Eye and Mind. I have again gone through the three modes, or rather the three movements of vision which emerge in a germinal state in the course notes. - The theme of vision in depth as the discovery of an active-passive relation between the seer and the visible, linked to the optical dimension as the opening to the link between vision and desire. - The notion of the spiritual eye that Merleau-Ponty takes from Paul Schilder, as the key concept for the conception of vision in Eye and Mind, which in addition represents a fundamental link between optical experience and the libidinal conception of one's own body, which is profoundly in sync with the role of scopic impulse in Lacan. - The theme of movement in fi lm as the culminating point of these references to vision, to the depth, to the being in relief or depth perception, which will emerge in some distant years, with painting, in Eye and Mind and in the course on Cartesian Ontology and Ontology Today.
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Anna Caterina Dalmasso. Il rilievo della visione. Movimento, profondità, cinema ne Le monde sensible et le monde de l'expression. Chiasmi International, 2010, pp.77-109. ⟨hal-00996581⟩

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