La Raison : Etudes sur la Pensée russe

Abstract : The problem of Reason underlies all the reception of Western philosophy in Russia: Descartes was considered by Solovyov as the main responsible of a "crisis of European thought". And yet, in the 20th century, Descartes will represent for many Russians a safeguard of the conditions of the thought. If the famous formula on "rationality of reality" is due to a misinterpretation of Bakunin on a phrase of Hegel, yet it is in concordance with semantics of individuality which implies its negation by an oppressive universal 'reason' either an heroic surpassing of oneself. The most traditional Russian philosophy, religious philosophy, poses the problem of the encounter between mysticism and rational thought: to the Western ratio is often opposed a Logos that best fits the Russian sensitivity. The main critical thought processes based on the exercise of reason were fulfilled outside of Russian culture, although Russia has been particularly receptive to the spirit of the Enlightenment. Thinking about Ivan the Terrible or Catherine II takes us back to the crucial question: between despotism, even if he pretends to be "enlightened", and Reason, is there compatibility? Russian thought later came to philosophy in a strict sense. But it has yet really been involved in the process of Western reason, imposing him, perhaps, new requirements. The latter often appears to Russian thinkers as too assured of its achievements and its own limits. They always remained far from the temptation of the "last word", and in this way they can open new philosophical perspectives for Western thought.
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https://hal-univ-lyon3.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00935721
Contributor : Françoise Lesourd <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 23, 2014 - 10:54:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 7:39:45 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00935721, version 1

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Françoise Lesourd. La Raison : Etudes sur la Pensée russe. Lume, pp.367, 2009, 978-2-915474-21-3. ⟨hal-00935721⟩

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