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Is time a variable like the others in multivariate statistical downscaling and bias correction?

Abstract : Bias correction and statistical downscaling are now regularly applied to climate simulations to make then more usable for impact models and studies. Over the last few years, various methods were developed to account for multivariate-inter-site or inter-variable-properties in addition to more usual univariate ones. Among such methods, temporal properties are either neglected or specifically accounted for, i.e. differently from the other properties. In this study, we propose a new multivariate approach called "time-shifted multivariate bias correction" (TSMBC), which aims to correct the temporal dependency in addition to the other marginal and multivariate aspects. TSMBC relies on considering the initial variables at various times (i.e. lags) as additional variables to be corrected. Hence, temporal dependencies (e.g. auto-correlations) to be corrected are viewed as inter-variable dependencies to be adjusted and an existing multivariate bias correction (MBC) method can then be used to answer this need. This approach is first applied and evaluated on synthetic data from a vector autoregressive (VAR) process. In a second evaluation, we work in a "perfect model" context where a regional climate model (RCM) plays the role of the (pseudo-)observations, and where its forcing global climate model (GCM) is the model to be downscaled or bias corrected. For both evaluations, the results show a large reduction of the biases in the temporal properties, while inter-variable and spatial dependence structures are still correctly adjusted. However, increasing the number of lags too much does not necessarily improve the temporal properties, and an overly strong increase in the number of dimensions of the dataset to be corrected can even imply some potential instability in the adjusted and/or downscaled results, calling for a reasoned use of this approach for large datasets.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03464114
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Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 12:46:22 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:43:31 AM

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Yoann Robin, Mathieu Vrac. Is time a variable like the others in multivariate statistical downscaling and bias correction?. Earth System Dynamics, European Geosciences Union, 2021, 12 (4), pp.1253 - 1273. ⟨10.5194/esd-12-1253-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03464114⟩

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Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles