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Using cattle for traction and transport during the Neolithic period. Contribution of the study of the first and second phalanxes

Abstract : During the Neolithic period, cattle were used not only for their meat and their milk but also for their strength. Unfortunately, apart from the discovery of specific instruments (yokes, travois, wheels, ards, etc.), it is not easy to demonstrate archaeologically their use for work. Nevertheless, the bone pathologies related to this activity can be analyzed. The methodological approach employed in this study is based on multivariate analyses (PCA) applied to the dimensions of the first and second phalanxes, as well as to shape indices of the same bones determined by the Mosimann method. The measurements of aurochs and domestic cattle bones from nineteen Mesolithic and Neolithic sites form the data matrix. The results of this study attest, on the one hand, that cattle were used for draught and transport during the Neolithic in various parts of Europe and the Near East and, on the other hand, that this use and its corollary, castration, are practices that can be dated back earlier than is generally accepted
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02188628
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Soumis le : lundi 22 novembre 2021 - 11:38:44
Dernière modification le : mardi 4 janvier 2022 - 03:53:28

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  • HAL Id : hal-02188628, version 1

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Daniel Helmer, Emilie Blaise, Lionel Gourichon, Maria Saña Seguí. Using cattle for traction and transport during the Neolithic period. Contribution of the study of the first and second phalanxes. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française, Société Préhistorique Française, 2018, 115 (1), pp.71-98. ⟨hal-02188628⟩

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